Use this glossary of terms and acronyms to better understand the language and terminology of the intermodal industry.
Third-party logistics provider
Beneficial Cargo Owner. A company that owns the freight in a container being imported or exported, e.g., Home Depot, Amazon
Box rules is a billing construct used in multi-contributor chassis pools such as the Pool of Pools (PoP) that operates in the LA/Long Beach market. In a pool that operates under box rules, any container can move on any chassis contributed by one of the participating IEPs. The “box rules” facilitate usage assignment for billing, interchange, and other operational purposes among the IEPs but creates no practical limitations on the ability to interoperably use any chassis with any box.
Carrier Haulage (CH)
FFU street rate billed to ocean carriers
A chassis, also referred to as a container chassis or an intermodal chassis, is a wheeled piece of equipment designed to carry containers.
A proprietary chassis pool that is managed and operated by the asset owner or Intermodal Equipment Provider (IEP). This chassis procurement model is the true model of choice, driving competition and innovation in a free and open market among providers of American-owned chassis. Under this model, customers retain maximum purchasing power as chassis providers compete for their business by providing quality equipment while ensuring inventory availability where customers need chassis the most. E.g. Direct ChassisLink Pool (DCLP).
Container Yard (CY)
An off terminal storage facility for containers often located near the ports
A structural section bolted across the chassis to join the main rails
The transport of goods over short distances
A shipping container used for transporting all types of non-temperature sensitive goods except liquids
Free-for-use (daily use model). Chassis are rented day-to-day at a published rate
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration – the organization responsible for requiring annual chassis inspections
A Full-Service Lease is a fixed volume/term lease in which the IEP is responsible for most costs related to the chassis
Used to power a refrigerated container (reefer) when normal shore power is not available
Gladhand Connector/Gladhand Coupler
An interlocking hose coupling fitted to hoses supplying air from a tractor unit to the trailer
Intermodal Equipment Provider. A company that makes intermodal equipment available for interchange and develops and implements procedures to repair the equipment from damages, defects, or deficiencies. E.g. DCLI, TRAC Intermodal, Flexi-Van
International Longshore and Warehouse Union
Intermodal Freight Transport
The use of truck and rail to transport goods in a container from origin to destination
An international intermodal container that is manufactured to specifications defined by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
Vertical steel pin protruding from the bottom of the front of the semi-trailer that serves as coupling point for the tractor
Motor Carrier (trucker). A company that employs truck drivers or contracts with owner-operators to move freight. E.g. Central States, B-H Transfer
Merchant Haulage (MH)
FFU street rate billed to motor carriers
A Net Lease is a fixed volume/term lease in which the lessee is responsible for all costs related to the chassis
Non Vessel Operating Common Carrier. Third-party logistics company that organizes shipments for individuals or companies to get goods from the manufacturer or producer to the market, customer, or final point of destination. E.g. Kuehne+Nagle, Expeditors
Ocean Carrier. A company that owns and operates vessels and offers ocean transportation to beneficial cargo owners and NVOCCs e.g. Maersk, COSCO
Multiple providers contribute their chassis to a pool to share capacity and costs. Also referred to as a chassis pool.
A tire in which the fabric cords that make up the foundation of the tire run at right angles to the circumference of the tire
Refrigerated container requiring controlled temperature environment for items such as fruits, meats, fish, seafood, dairy, etc.
The costs associated with moving a chassis from where it was dropped off to where it is needed
A power unit designed to pull a semi-trailer. Has no carrying capacity by itself.
A trailer without a front axle; also used to refer to a tractor-trailer
A mechanism that allows a tandem axle suspension to move back and forth to adjust the distribution of weight
Steamship Line – see Ocean Carrier (OC)
A location where a gate transaction creates a record that is used to start or end a billable chassis movement
Pair of axles and suspension
A chassis used for transporting portable bulk liquids. Ideal for constantly shifting loads such as gasoline.
Trucker-owned wheels. Chassis equipment owned and/or leased by a Motor Carrier
Unitary Pool Concept Equipment Provider. A chassis provider is designated as a UPC by an ocean carrier in a pool and receives all revenue associated with that carrier’s moves